A migraine is a neurological medical condition which involves recurring and severe headaches. It can affect a person’s daily life in different ways, and its frequency, severity, and symptoms can vary from person to person. In a migraine headache, you feel a pulsing and throbbing sensation, usually on one side of the head. It is a headache but with varying intensities. It can cause multiple symptoms lasting for hours or days, like nausea, vomiting, numbness, and sensitivity to light. You can’t cure migraine, but you can prevent its symptoms by changing your lifestyle, taking medications, and following a few home remedies.
People suffering from migraine go through 4 stages :
Migraine affects children and adults as well, but not everyone has to go through all these 4 stages. Have a look below to learn about these stages.
It is the initial stage of a migraine when you feel a subtle change one or two days before a migraine. It can be taken as a warning sign of an upcoming migraine. The signs include:
In this stage, symptoms gradually build up but are reversible, usually lasting less than an hour. Aura symptoms include:
Temporary vision loss
Visual phenomena, bright spots, or flashes of light
Weakness or numbness in the face
Migraine attacks might strike several times a month or occur rarely, varying from person to person. If left untreated, it can last for about 4-72 hours. During a migraine attack, you might experience the following:
Migraine attack makes you feel drained out, confused, and all washed out for the whole day. Sudden head movement may increase your pain for a brief time, so avoid that.
The main cause of migraine is not fully known yet and is complicated. It’s unclear why the nerves in your blood vessels send signals to your brain indicating pain. These signals produce a particular inflammatory substance in the brain’s blood vessels and cause a migraine headache. Less or too much sleep and fluctuation in the levels of estrogen can cause migraine in women. Also, stress is one of the most common triggers that tend to cause migraines.
Common factors that trigger a migraine attack include:
Few other common triggers of migraine attacks are:
No exact cure has been found for treating Migraine. Although, there are a few medications available that can lessen your symptoms. People can also opt for home remedies along with these medications to reduce the severity and frequency of migraine episodes.
Over the counter, medicines have been proven effective for some people with mild migraines. People with moderate to severe pain are prescribed prescription medications, such as:
a) The Triptan class of drugs helps reverse the changes in the brain which happen during an episode.
b) Calcium channel and beta blocker helps treat high blood pressure.
c) Anti-depressant medications are prescribed to help with mood changes and helps improve a person’s mental health.
Other medications that work by decreasing the number of attacks and seizures and reducing pain during an attack include:
Consult your doctor regarding your migraine medications and avoid overusing them, as it can cause a rebound attack (migraine headache).
You can try few home remedies given below to reduce your migraine symptoms:
A doctor will analyze your symptoms and may recommend a few tests to determine complex and severe conditions, such as:
You can follow the below-given steps to prevent or maybe reduce the number of episodes of Migraine:
Risk Factors that cause Migraine or are associated with Migraine are:
If needed, ask your doctor to give you a proper diet plan to help reduce the pain associated with Migraine.
If you experience regular signs and symptoms mentioned above in this blog, it's time that you consult your healthcare provider. Confer treatment plans and ways to manage symptoms related to Migraine with your doctor. It's recommended to seek immediate medical advice if you have a severe headache, headache with fever, headache after a head injury, new headaches after 50 years of age, or chronic headache that worsens after coughing or sudden movements.
You can help reduce migraine symptoms by understanding what exactly a Migraine is and discussing your problems with the doctor. Live your life happily without stress and eat a proper healthy diet that lessens your migraine headache pain. Along with medications available on our online pharmacy, you not only help yourself manage migraine symptoms but also save up to 80% on medication costs.
You can use Ribofavin medicine (vitamin) as an alternative and also try therapies like meditation, essential oils and acupuncture.
Migraine are more severe, have a throbbing sensation, have common triggers but no one cause like headaches.
You should drink more water, try essential oils, soothe pain with cold compress, take magnesium and do yoga.
Due to change in hormone levels, migraine attacks increase during first trimester of the pregnancy and are usually less in number in 2nd and 3rd trimester.
Migraine in children is similar to that in adults and it happens to 7/10 children due to their parents. It can be caused in children due to school activities, bullying and family problems.
Try using a nerve stimulation device like a transcutaneous nerve stimulator, which helps stimulation pain experienced during a Migraine.
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