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Common Symptoms and Causes of PCOS You Should Not Ignore


PCOS ( Polycystic Ovary Syndrome ) is a metabolic ailment in which a woman faces a hormonal imbalance problem in her reproductive years. In PCOS, small fluid sacs develop along the outer edge of the ovary. These sacs filled with fluid are called cysts, and as they are more than one and also on the outer edge of the ovary, this condition has been named Polycystic ovary syndrome.

The cysts contain immature eggs known as follicles. These follicles fail to release eggs regularly, leading to irregular periods. Or if you may have periods, they may last for many days and cause heavy bleeding. It may also increase the amount of androgen, a common male sex hormone in your body.

An increase in androgen is also one of the reasons why females might skip their menstrual cycle or have irregular ovulation, which might lead to female infertility. It can also lead to long-term diabetes or heart disease. PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) is a severe metabolic disorder that requires adequate medical attention and lifestyle changes. Though the exact cause of PCOS is still unknown, This blog will make you aware of the common causes and symptoms of PCOS, which you should not ignore.

Common Symptoms and Causes of PCOS You Should Not Ignore


Common Signs and Symptoms of PCOS

The female body starts to experience symptoms of PCOS around the time of its first menstrual cycle. In some cases, PCOS symptoms start to show after you have had periods for quite some time or have gained some weight or are facing difficulty in getting pregnant. Symptoms of PCOS may vary from woman to woman. The most common signs and symptoms found in women with PCOS disease are :

1. Irregular Menstruation Cycle or Periods

You may have irregular periods or few menstrual periods which aren't regular. It is common to have periods that last longer than usual. For example, you may experience just 8-9 menstrual cycles in a year which are 35-40 days apart. This also leads to difficulty in getting pregnant. Irregular menstruation is also known as Oligomenorrhea.

2. Skipped or absence of menstruation cycle

In this condition, a female might miss a few menstruation cycles in a year, or there is an absence of a menstruation cycle for more than three months. The absence of a woman's menstrual period, either permanently or temporarily, is called Amenorrhea.

3. Heavy menstrual bleeding

Prolonged or heavy menstrual bleeding is a common symptom of PCOS and is known as Menorrhagia.

4. Too much androgen levels

An increase in androgen levels in the body results in excess body and facial hair, typically known as hirsutism. It also results in severe acne on the face, chest, and upper back. Androgen is a male hormone, so sometimes you may also experience male pattern baldness, or hair on the scalp might get thinner and start falling out.

5. Polycystic ovaries

In PCOS, the edges of your ovaries will develop tiny sacs filled with fluid, due to which the size of the ovaries will increase. It may cause pelvic pain and fatigue in some women. Due to this symptom, ovaries might not work as they should and may cause infertility in women.

6. Weight gain

Signs and symptoms of PCOS are more severe in people with obesity

7. Skin darkening

Your skin might start darkening around the neck, under the breasts, and in the groin.


What causes PCOS?

Exactly what causes PCOS in women is still unknown. However, a few factors that might play a significant role in causing PCOS include:

1. Insulin resistance

Insulin is made by the pancreas. If the body's cells become resistant to insulin, sugar levels might go up. This will cause your body to produce more insulin, directly affecting your androgen levels. Too much male hormone will cause trouble in the ovulation process. You may also experience dark patches on your neck, groin, armpits, and under your breasts. Weight gain may be one of the other signs.

2. Low-grade inflammation

Low-grade inflammation is the process where white blood cells make substances in response to an infection or injury. In the case of PCOS, this process becomes longer and hence leads the ovaries to produce a larger amount of androgen. It can also lead to blood vessels and heart problems in women suffering from PCOS.

3. Excess androgen production

Ovaries produce high levels of androgen, which is a common hormone in men. High levels of androgen disturb the ovulation process, which interferes with the release of eggs on time, and eventually, they don't develop fully. Androgen levels in excess can cause acne and hirsutism.

4. Heredity

Women with a family history of PCOS have a high chance of developing this condition.



PCOS is not an unbearable condition, but a cure for this syndrome would have been helpful. Sustaining a healthy body weight, following an intricate carbohydrate diet, doing routine workouts, and being active will help control PCOS's underlying symptoms.

Females who are diagnosed with PCOS should observe their health regularly to avoid any difficulties in the future. If left untreated, it can lead to type 2 diabetes, obesity, other mental problems due to hormonal imbalance, and other serious complications such as the risk of hypertension, hyperglycemia, endometrial cancer, and pregnancy complications.

Consult periodically with a gynecologist to have a healthy life in the future, and order medication from our online pharmacy to save up to 80%.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What does PCOS do to a woman?

    A woman may experience missed or irregular periods. PCOS can also cause depression, mood swings, acne, infertility, and unwanted hair growth in women.

  • How do u know when u have PCOS?

    You get to know that you have PCOS when you experience irregular periods or no periods at all.

  • How can I test PCOS at home?

    You can use a Home Test Kit to determine if you have PCOS.

  • What is a good diet plan for PCOS?

    A healthful PCOS diet can also include the following foods: natural, unprocessed high-fiber foods, fatty fish, kale, spinach, dark red fruits, such as red grapes, blueberries, blackberries, and cherries and veggies like broccoli and cauliflower.

  • Can a blood test detect PCOS?

    Yes, a blood test can detect PCOS. Blood tests can measure hormone levels. It can exclude possible causes of menstrual-related problems or androgen excess that mimic PCOS.

  • What exercise is best for PCOS?

    You can also try HIIT workouts and Mind-body exercises for PCOS. But the best exercise for women with PCOS is cardio exercises such as walking, cycling, and swimming to help relieve PCOS symptoms.


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